“India’s demand growth of 165 per cent, nearly three times the overall non-Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) growth of 61 per cent, also outpaces each of the BRIC countries: China (+ 41 per cent), Brazil (+ 60 per cent), and Russia (+6 per cent),” the highly-cited report estimates.
India’s overall energy consumption will rise to 1,921 Million Tonne of oil equivalent (MToe) in 2040 from 724 Mtoe in 2016 with an average per annum growth rate of 4.2 per cent, according to the report. The increase in India’s energy consumption will push the country’s share of global energy demand to 11 per cent by 2040 from 5 per cent in 2016, accounting for the second-largest share of the BRIC countries.
Demand for renewables will see the highest growth of 1,409 per cent to 256 Mtoe in 2040 from 17 Mtoe in 2016, with an annual growth of 12 per cent. The renewable energy share in India’s energy mix is also slated to increase to 13 per cent in 2040 from 2 per cent in 2016.
Nuclear energy demand will witness the second-highest growth among all energy sources, growing by 412 per cent to 44 Mtoe in 2040 from 9 Mtoe in 2016. However, with an annual growth of 7 per cent, nuclear energy’s share in the country’s total energy mix will only grow to 2 per cent in 2040 from 1 per cent in 2016.
Demand for natural gas will grow by 185 per cent to 14 Billion cubic feet (Bcf) per day in 2040 from 5 Bcf per day in 2016. With an annual growth of 4.5 per cent, natural gas’ energy share in the country’s total energy mix will grow to 7 per cent in 2040 from 6 per cent in 2016. Also, demand for coal will grow by 132 per cent to 955 Mtoe in 2040 from 412 Mote in 2016. With an annual growth of 3.6 per cent, coal’s energy share in the country’s total energy mix will decline to 50 per cent in 2040 from 57 per cent in 2016.
The report also said that the demand for oil, including petroleum products, will grow by 129 per cent to 10 Million barrels per day (Mbpd) from 4 Mbpd in 2016. With an annual growth rate of 3.5 per cent, oil’s share in the country’s total energy mix will decline to 25 per cent in 2040 from 29 per cent in 2016.
The report predicts that India’s energy mix is estimated to evolve slowly with fossil fuels meeting 82 per cent of demand in 2040 down from 93 per cent in 2016.
It added that power consumption will more than treble, growing by over 241 per cent, with coal remaining the dominant fuel source. The fuel’s share of generation is seen dropping to 64 per cent in 2040 from from 77 per cent in 2016 while renewables’ share rises to 23 per cent from 5 per cent in 2016.
According to the production data provided by BP as part of the Energy Outlook 2018 report, India’s oil output is pegged to decrease by 40 per cent to 24 Mtoe in 2040 from 40 Mtoe in 2016. Natural gas production is estimated to increase 96 per cent to 49 Mtoe in 2040 from 25 Mtoe in 2016. Coal production is estimated to increase by 154 per cent to 734 Mtoe in 2040 from 289 Mtoe in 2016, with coal remaining the dominant fuel produced in India with a 63 per cent share of total production in 2040. The report also indicates that renewable energy production will overtake gas and subsequently oil by 2020 as the second largest source of energy production.
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